Looking at the FAN Club

Even though it is not Ohio (close, though), I am going to stick with Steuben County this week to cover a topic all serious genealogists should be aware of. That is the FAN Club.

It was Elizabeth Shown Mills who created the acronym a few years ago to describe what Emily Croom called cluster genealogy. In either description, the process involves expanding our outlook to those individuals with whom our ancestors interacted.

The FAN in FAN Club stands for Friends (sometimes Family), Associates and Neighbours. It is based upon the principle that our ancestors did not live in a vacuum. Rather, they interacted with other people on a regular basis. And those with whom they most frequently interacted may be family members who could help provide answers to break through brick walls and assist in extending our lines and learn more about our ancestors.

The latter part of the 19th century was the heyday of County Histories and County Atlases. It seems my ancestors were either too cheap or too modest to pay publishers and writers to appear in the biographies section of county histories, so I find myself more drawn to county atlases. What I particular like is that the landowners and their parcels are shown on the map. Not only does this provide a visual image of the shape of their land, but it also aids in locating these tracts today as many of the roads in the latter part of the 1800s still exist today and these maps from the county atlases can be overlaid on modern road maps to assist in finding exactly where your ancestors lived (more on that another time). Even if your ancestors lived in a given area at a later or earlier time, you can use the legal description from their deeds to pinpoint the location and trace the ownership backwards or forwards.

I have attached the Richland Township map from the Steuben County Atlas of 1880. Richland Township abutted Williams County Ohio on the east and the state line made for a smaller than average township.

I am going to start in the East Half of the Southeast Quarter of Section 29. The owner is listed as G. L. Jones, my second great-grandfather George L. Jones. Just below him in the Northeast Quarter of the Northeast Quarter of Section 32 as well as all of the Northwest Quarter of Section 33 is his brother-in-law Thomas Robinett. George was married to Harriet Buell and Thomas to her older sister Helen. Helen had died in 1872 after giving birth to 10 children in 14 years. Thomas’ second wife, Mary Elizabeth Rosenberry, was the step-daughter of George’s older sister Rebecca who was the second wife of Mary Elizabeth’s father Clement Rosenberry. Thomas’ brother Joseph lived across the road from George with the father Samuel Robinett owning a large parcel of land just to the east.

Just to the south and west of the 40 acres owned by Samuel Robinett in the Southeast Quarter of the Northeast Quarter of Section 32 is land labeled as belonging to the heirs of S. Buell. That would be Samuel Buell, the father-in-law of George L. Jones and Thomas Robinett. Samuel Buell had died intestate in 1877 and his son-in-law Thomas Robinett was named administrator of his estate which had yet to settle by 1880. As he had died intestate, his widow Hannah had her dower set off and that is seen in the West Half of the Southwest Quarter of the Northeast Quarter of Section 32, adjoining the heirs share.

Immediately below the Buell lands is 130 acres owned by J. Chandler. That would Hannah’s brother-in-law John Chandler who was married to Hannah’s younger sister Elizabeth Stevens. The Buells, Chandlers, and the wives’ younger brother Francis moved west from Piermont New Hampshire in the early 1840s. Francis is deceased as of 1880 with his share of the Southwest Quarter of the Southwest Quarter of Section 33 shown across from the Chandler land along with more land split between Hannah and her late husband’s heirs. The greater portion of Francis’ land can be seen northeast of George L. Jones land in three-quarters of the Northeast Quarter of Section 29 as well as the adjacent Northwest Quarter of the Southeast Quarter of the same section. Across the road in Section 28 is the United Brethren Church. Although the Church is long gone (fire in the 1920s), the cemetery remains and the Buells, Robinetts, and Chandlers are all buried there.

The lands of Francis’ wife Melinda Aldrich can be seen in the Southwest Quarter of Section 31 while those of George L. Jones’ third wife Mary Ann Allomong are noticeable in Sections 20 and 21. The Southeast Quarter of Section 17 is almost exclusively the land of John Ferrier, two of whose sons would marry daughters of George L. Jones.

Shifting gears slightly. If Richland Township were full size, it might contain the land just to the west of Section 31. If so, the land of my 3rd great grandfather George Fox would be shown. I bring him in to show some more relatives in Richland Township.

George Fox’s wife was Emeline Gordon. Her brother Horatio E. Gordon has the entirety of the East Half of Section 30 (the Southwest Quarter belongs Melinda Aldrich Stevens’ brother). Horatio was a long time Justice of the Peace in Steuben County. He would move a few years later to Kansas where he died. Their sister Melissa Gordon Cary holds 40 acres in the Northeast Quarter of the Southeast Quarter of Section 19. She also has 20 acres in a narrow tract in the Southeast Quarter of the Northeast Quarter of the same section. Melissa’s husband William S. Cary has been dead for just over a decade which is why the lands are in her name. The West Half of the Northwest Quarter of Section 19 belonged to Marvin B. Gordon, brother to Emeline, Horatio, and Melissa. He also owned the Southwest Quarter of the Southeast Quarter of Section 18 above.

The hamlet of Alvarado (shown at the intersection of Sections 17, 18, 19, and 20) contains a cemetery in the extreme Southwest corner of Section 17. The Foxes, Carys and Marvin Gordon and his second wife are all buried there.

1880 Richland Township

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Kudos for kindness and getting what I wanted

On July 19, I headed northwest to, I hoped, accomplish several tasks. I was going to Steuben County, Indiana initially to pick up copies of probate folders for several of my ancestors on my father’s side. I then planned to hit several cemeteries in Hillsdale County, Michigan, concluding with visiting my grandparents’ graves outside Montpelier, Ohio. I did little of what I had planned.

The first problem was road construction which kept me from reaching Steuben County until early afternoon. By the time I got to the Courthouse, it had passed one o’clock. I was still hopeful of getting most of my itinerary finished, but was about to be disappointed once more.

I had no problem finding the five folders I wanted copies from. The difficulty lay in the volume of paper contained in the folders. My 2nd great grandfather David Gallutia’s estate folder, for example, was so full that it only with the greatest of care that I was able to slowly extract papers. The staff mkes copies and it soon became apparent that it would take longer to copy than there were hours left in their day. Sure enough, by four p.m. It was still far from finished and they would be packing up soon. I made arrangements, since I could not be back, to send payment along with a self-addressed stamped envelope once they let me know the final cost. I thanked them and left. Given the late hour, I stopped only in Montpelier and left Hillsdale County for another day.

(Note: I did recently make a run up to Hillsdale County when I went to Fort Meigs – more on that later. I gave a third great grandfather a flag pole holder so that he can be properly remembered on Veteran’s Day next month.)

The call came just before noon the following day – $207 for the copies. I picked up a bank check, got a large envelope and placed sufficient postage thereon, stuck both inside another envelope, and sent all on their way to Angola. Then I waited.

And waited.

And waited.

After two weeks I felt I needed to check out what may have happened to my copies. The bank could not tell me if the check had been negotiated or not (that still mystifies me!). The Clerk’s office assured me that they had received my check and immediately sent the copies out. I checked with my local post office as well as the on in Angola. No one could locate it.

I waited some more. Still no luck. Despite being devastated at the loss, I felt I had no alternative but to do it again.

As detailed earlier, I went to the Federation of Genealogical Societies Conference in Fort Wayne August 22 through 25. As Fort Wayne is about an hour south of Angola, I felt it made more sense to go up during lunch rather than make another eight hour roundtrip.

I ran up on the 22nd and stopped in the Clerk’s office. The same one who had assisted me before inquired as to whether she could help. I told her I had been up the month before for copies, but had not received them and would it be OK to go to the basement where the files are kept to pull the folders again. She said she had not put them back yet and they were there on her desk. I asked if she would mind making copies once more and that I would be back in person around noon to pick them up.

I made the drive again on the 23rd. When I arrived, one of the other clerks was on duty. I told her I had copies to pick up. She knew all about them (I appear to have had my 15 minutes of fame there) and had them for me. As I reached in my pocket to extract the cash, she informed me that the Clerk had decided that there would be no charge.

To say the least I was flabbergasted. I said that it did not seem right, that it was not the Clerk’s fault that the package got lost. Nevertheless, she insisted that there would no further charge so I accepted the copies, thanked her profusely, and left with my treasures to return to Fort Wayne.

When I returned home the following week, I sent the Clerk a nice Thank You card, expressing my gratitude for her kindness and generosity.

Fast forward to Labour Day weekend.

A large envelope arrived from Atlanta for me. I thought it must be some catalog and did not open it at first. The following day, I picked it up and looked at the label. It said it was from USPS in Atlanta. Suddenly, a thought flashed through my mind. Could it be my missing copies?

It was. Seems I had forgotten that envelopes over 13 ounces with stamps cannot be left for pickup, but must be taken to a post office. My package on its return from Angola had been waylaid and sent to Atlanta for inspection as to whether I was sending something that I should not have been sending. Upon thorough review, it was determined that the contents were harmless and it was repackaged to send on to me.

Unfortunately, I cannot simply return the extra set of copies to the Clerk – they have no need for them unless some close relative would want copies. But the adventure reminder me of generosity as well as the need to be careful in having large quantities of copies sent by mail.

 

Ohio Open Doors

Change of plans. I’ll write about my side excursion in Indiana next week (unless something else comes up).

Today I want to report on Ohio Open Doors, sponsored by the Ohio History Connection. I will let them provide the background for what is involved.

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Landmarks Open Their Doors Sept. 7–16, 2018

Discover Ohio’s amazing heritage as historic buildings and landmarks across our state open their doors to you for special tours and events during Ohio Open Doors, Fri., Sept. 7, through Sun., Sept. 16, 2018.

EXPLORE TREASURED PLACES

From a 214-year-old log house in Hamilton to Canton’s imposing McKinley Memorial, you can explore fascinating places that reflect Ohio’s rich heritage—some opening especially for Ohio Open Doors events or offering behind-the-scenes looks that aren’t ordinarily available. All Ohio Open Doors events are free, and most are special one-day-only opportunities.

The Ohio History Connection created Ohio Open Doors in 2016 to promote and inspire pride in Ohio’s heritage and to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the National Historic Preservation Act.

Signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on Oct. 15, 1966, the Act has proven instrumental in transforming the face of communities from coast to coast, establishing the legal framework and incentives to preserve historic buildings, landscapes and archaeological sites. It drives economic revitalization by attracting investment, supporting small business, stabilizing neighborhoods and creating jobs.
“Ohio Open Doors shares stories of important landmarks right in our backyard, highlighting the history and unique nature of some of Ohio’s most treasured historic places,” says Burt Logan, executive director and CEO of the Ohio History Connection.

MANY IN NATIONAL REGISTER

The Ohio History Connection’s State Historic Preservation Office administers the National Historic Preservation Act in Ohio. Many of the landmarks featured in Ohio Open Doors events are in the National Register of Historic Places, which the National Historic Preservation Act created.

Ohio Open Doors is sponsored by the Ohio History Connection and by more than 200 partnering organizations that are hosting events in communities across the Buckeye State.

https://www.ohiohistory.org/preserve/state-historic-preservation-office/ohio-open-doors

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Being a history major back in the day means I am always interested in learning more about the past in a given site. But what does Ohio Open Doors have to do with genealogy?

As I have intimated earlier, my ancestors have been in Ohio since before Ohio was a state. So visiting Ohio historical sites provides a window of sorts into my past. While no sites open during the ten days of Ohio Open Doors directly involved my ancestors, I do believe that observations can provide a better understanding of what their lives may have been like.

Two examples.

I spent last Saturday, after driving through the rain, at the Mercer Log House in Fairborn. Built about 1799, and largely unchanged since, the two story house, one room down and second above, provided a glimpse at how early settlers may have lived. None of my ancestors lived in the house nor did they reside in the area. But I did have ancestors in Ohio before 1800 and they may have lived in a similar dwelling and used the same types of implements as were displayed at the Mercer House. I was given a tour of the gardens where the caretakers are trying to recreate the plant materials as well that would be been available at the time. They have an orchard as well as vegetable and herb beds, all with plants which early settlers could have in their gardens.

On Sunday, I drove to Springfield to tour the Daniel Hertzler House and Barn. Again, I had no ancestors who lived there nor in Clark County, but I certainly had ancestors who farmed in the mid-19th century in Ohio when the house was built and the barn similarly. It is not a reach to think that my ancestors may have had a house not wholly unlike the one I toured and a barn of similar build as well.

I may not be able to view a specific structure in which my ancestors resided, but visiting period houses of that time period provides the best window available to help to obtain a fuller picture of my ancestors.

 

Conference of the Federation of Genealogical Societies – Fort Wayne

I’ve been away for a few weeks. Not so much in the literal sense, but in the blogging sense.

I was planning three weeks ago to write about preparing to go to Fort Wayne for the annual conference of the Federation of Genealogical Societies, which was held August 22 through 25. But in preparing to go, I was swamped with getting work finished since I would be out of the office for three days and time eluded me. A fortnight ago, I was in Fort Wayne so writing was out. Last week, beyond catching up with missing work, we had no power for two days. So, after the holiday weekend, as everything has begun to return to some semblance of normalcy, I am back to write about the trip.

Fort Wayne was fantastic. I go annually to visit the Allen County Public Library which, for those who may be unaware, has one of the finest genealogical collections in the country (perhaps number one among public institutions). The Conference was held across the street from the library in the Grand Wayne Center which is a tremendous facility for the Conference. Unlike last year in Pittsburgh, where the conference was spread out over several floors, everything in Fort Wayne was concentrated, making it easy to move between lectures and the Exhibit Hall.

The lectures were exceptional. All were well attended and very interesting. Even the last session, on Saturday afternoon at 5 p.m. was packed without a seat to be found. As is invariably the case, I found myself wanting to sit in on multiple lectures going on simultaneously so I am anxiously awaiting receiving several recordings in the coming weeks of those I was unfortunate enough to miss.

It was also a delight to meet up with people I have met before. Beyond my own Ohio Genealogical Society folks who manned a booth in the Exhibit Hall, I had the great pleasure of speaking again with Susan Miller of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. The annual Conference of the NYG&B is later this month in Tarrytown and sounds like a fabulous one as well. I cannot make it, but if you are in the area, make certain to attend. I am certain you will not be disappointed.

Next time, a report on my side excursion and a chance to thank some wonderful folks.

Williams County

Today I will move back to discuss the research possibilities for an Ohio County. Williams County is one of my favourites, despite the long drive to get there. I love the scenery (I am a sucker for endless farm fields). Williams County is most extreme northwesterly of Ohio’s counties, nestled snugly up against both Indiana and Michigan. The county seat is Bryan.

The Courthouse stands in a square at the center of town. The Courts and the other county offices are contained still within. The Recorder is in the process of scanning and making the deeds available online. It is possible that some may be unavailable at a given date.

A number of records have been moved to an annex across the street at the southern edge of the square. It is not browesable. Some records are available when you go in, including death, birth, and marriage indices. The helpful staff behind the counter will assist in obtaining what you need. They will also provide other indexes for Court and Probate records which are housed in the back. The staff will make your copies for you.

The tax records are not kept on site but rather at a storage facility on the edge of town. Arrangements must be made in advance to view the tax records and duplicating services are not provided. However, you may scan the records as they are brought to you.

If you have Williams County ancestors, make certain to check both Steuben County, Indiana and Hillsdale County, Michigan as well. I can say from personal experience that a lot on vacillating back and forth across the borders is not uncommon.

Who’s Your Daddy? part 3

Thus far, I have examined who the parents were of Joseph Galusha and the issues that appear to exist in identifying the couple. Now I will conclude with theories. Let me state clearly that all of these theories have problems of their own – if they did not, I would not be posting it on my blog but would be writing a proof argument for NGSQ or its ilk.

A. All the information is correct.

All the usual sources seem to be in agreement. It was David Galusha, the son of David and Ruth (Osborn) Galusha who married Amy Green in Shaftsbury in December 1815. After separating some time after 1827, David eventually moved to Allamakee County, Iowa where he died in 1868.

The Problem: There is no evidence that I have seen that supports this. David does not appear in a census after 1820 and there is no evidence to show he was ever in Iowa. One researcher commented that he lived with one of Amy’s sisters, but none of them appears to have ever come within 500 miles of Iowa. David, son of David and Rhoda, Galusha, did die in Iowa, but that was in Jasper County in 1880.

B. David died between 1827 and 1830.

This would seem to cover the basics. He was alive when Sophia was born (or at least conceived) in 1827, but had died prior to the taking of the 1830 census. That would explain his omission from the censuses after 1820. Amy could just be living in some other household with her children in 1830 and 1840. He may have drowned at sea as one of my cousins has posited, although it is some distance from Shaftsbury to the nearest appreciable body of water.

C. David never existed.

This may be the most radical theory. But there is no conclusive proof that I have seen that David and Ruth had a son named David. He does not appear in the Shaftsbury Vital Records. He does not appear in land records. He is not named in a probate estate, his nor anyone else’s. In fact, other than the marriage record, I am aware of no contemporary record that identifies him.

The Problem, of course, is that Amy Green clearly did marry a David Galusha. If it was not the son of David and Ruth because they did not have a son by that name, then that could only mean that . . .

D. Amy married David Galusha, the son of David and Rhoda Galusha.

Clearly here is a David Galusha of the right age to marry Amy and have children with her. And he does exist and records prove it (see the Family Search record previously cited). Why not him, who clearly does exist?

The Problem: From available evidence, Sophia was born 15 November 1827. Yet, David, the son of David and Rhoda, married Marilla Hicks in Arlington, Vermont on 6 September 1824 and their first child Julius was born 6 March 1826. Unless David was a bigamist (which I am NOT suggesting), then that seems to be problematic. Unless . . .

E. Sophia was born earlier.

Sophia’s birth was not recorded in the Shaftsbury Vital Records. Her date of birth appears to be derived from the age shown at death. But what if she lied to her husband about when she was born. Perhaps she was born several years earlier, perhaps early enough to be the otherwise unknown female under 5 in the 1820 census. If so, then Charles would have been the youngest and David, son of David and Rhoda, could have divorced Amy some time after Charles’ conception, say September 1823 and still had time to woo and wed Marilla Hicks in September 1824. This scenario could make the one David argument valid.

Except that the marriage record in the Shaftsbury Vital Records says Amy Green married David Galusha Jr and David, the son of David and Rhoda, is called David Galusha 3d in his deeds. Given that his father died in 1804 when he was still a minor, it would suggest two other David Galushas in Shaftsbury, the eldest married to Ruth Osborn and the other, presumably, their son. Unless it could be some other David such as David the grandson of Jacob (by his son Jacob), but he did not live in Shaftsbury.

F. Sophia was born in Canada.

That’s what her death record says. That could explain the absence from censuses after 1820. The family could have migrated north of the border prior to Sophia’s birth and remained there for a time. David and Amy could have split up and Amy returned to Shaftsbury some time in the 1830s for Joseph to marry. David could have remained in Canada until after 1860 to explain his absence from the censuses and then relocated to Allamakee County, Iowa to die.

The Problem: As with many of these theories, where is the evidence, other than Sophia’s death record which is hardly primary source information. I am not especially familiar with Canadian records and, in any event, I would not know where to look given that the death record for Sophia says only “birth in Canada” and that is a big place.

G. Amy married both David Galushas.

Now this is another one that is way out. But even if evidence such as a Bible record of which I am unaware exists for Charles and Sophia, showing clearly that David the son of David and Ruth was their father, there remains the possibility that David the son of David and Rhoda was the father of the earlier children. That might explain the absence of Joseph and his sister in Helgemoe’s book and many trees.

The Problem: There is only one marriage shown (although several known marriages in Shaftsbury at that time also did not appear in the Vital Records). Perhaps the strongest argument to support this theory is that after Joseph died in the early 1840s in Knox County, who should suddenly move from western New York state to Knox County . . . David and Marilla and their family. Coincidence? Or moving closer to David’s grandchildren after his son died?

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These theories have not even touched on whether it was Amy (Green) Galusha who married John Stone (and reverted to her earlier married name before the 1850 census?). And what happened to the mystery daughter of David and Amy in the 1820 census (death is the easiest answer but for the absence of a gravestone where the markers appear well preserved)? Did David die at sea (or was he a victim of Champ in Lake Champlain)? Why do the trees and descendants of Charles and Sophia ignore Joseph?

Anyone with the any thoughts or insights is entreated to contact the author.

Who’s Your Daddy? part 2

In Part 1 of Who’s Your Daddy?, I laid out the generally accepted information regarding David Galusha and Amy Green, the parents of my third great-grandfather Joseph Galusha. Unfortunately, the records have a hard time corroborating much of the generally accepted “facts”.

There are two excellent resources for the Galusha family and nothing I plan to write should in any be construed to denigrate either of these resources.

In 1968, Janet Galeucia Helgemoe published the Galusha/Galeucia Family. The book starts with the immigrant Daniel Galusha in the 17th century and follows most lines down to the 20th century (for some unexplained reason, Joseph and his descendants were omitted). More recently, Roy and Sharon Jennings developed a superb family history online (http://weblisting.freetemplatespot.com/royandsharon.lifegrid.com/) which covers, among other branches of their families, the Galusha line from Daniel forward (Joseph and his descendants are included here).

Both sources show the biographical information as included in Part 1. Both show David Galusha as being the son of David and Ruth (Osborn) Galusha and have the death as taking place in Lansing, Allamakee, Iowa in 1868.

But is that the correct David Galusha?

Galusha is hardly a common surname, but Shaftsbury, Vermont in the early 19th century was fairly crawling with Galushas. The Galushas arrived in Shaftsbury in the late 18th century with two brothers, Jonas and Jacob Galusha, and their offspring. Jacob’s son Jonas would become the 4th governor of Vermont, his son Jacob would be Town Clerk for a number of years, and their other sons would create more Galusha families. As was often the case, the given names would often be the same in multiple families and both Jonas and Jacob each had a son named David. Each of these cousins named David would further muddle the waters by naming a son David as well.

The David Galusha who married Ruth Osborn was the son of Jonas. His sister Rhoda was the second wife of their cousin David, the son of Jacob Galusha. Their son David was born 19 December 1795 in Shaftsbury, about the same time that David and Ruth’s son David was said to have been born. 1 Either could be the right age to marry Amy Green. So which one was it?

Neither Mrs. Helgemoe nor the Jennings cite a source for Amy Green’s betrothed being the son of David and Ruth. In fact, the Shaftsbury Vital Records say only that she married David Galusha Jr. 2 Technically, both are David Galusha Jr as both were sons of a David Galusha. For what it’s worth, the Jennings refer to the son of David and Rhoda as David Jr. and not his cousin. 3

The clearest statement comes from a record on Family Search, cited in Part 1. 4 This record clearly states that the parents of the David who married Amy Green were David and his cousin Rhoda Galusha.

That would seem conclusive would it not. And yet, no researcher has Amy Green’s husband as this David, but only as the son of David and Ruth. Could it be that this record, which does not appear to be contemporary, is inaccurate? Or was it copied from a contemporary source of which researchers today are unaware?

The next issue concerns Amy’s husband David dying in Lansing, Allamakee, Iowa on 6 August 1868. While both Mrs. Helgemoe and the Jennings cite this date and location, neither provides a source. No David Galusha appears in any Allamakee County records searched by this writer. He does not appear in Find-A-Grave as buried in Allamakee County (although, admittedly, Find-A-Grave, while excellent, is not comprehensive). Further, is there any evidence that he was alive in 1830 or later? If he was, no record of him in any census has been found. 5

One of my “cousins” has suggested that David did not die in Iowa in 1868, but that an entirely unrelated man did. He believes that David went to sea and was lost in the water. His argument is based, at least in part, upon the gravestone of his son Charles who died in Exeter, Fillmore, Nebraska. The marker is decorated with a nautical theme which appears to have no connection with Charles, who spent his days as a farmer in Vermont and then in Nebraska. Could it be because his father had a connection to the water and lost his life there?

Then there is the question of Amy. While superficially it appears straightforward, but for missing in the 1830 and 1840 censuses, there is this peculiar marriage record in Shaftsbury. 6 Who is the Amy Galusha who married John Stone? The card shown on Family Search is of no assistance. 7 According to Jennings, there is no Amy Galusha of the right age and there appears to be no widow (or divorcee?) of a Galusha in Shaftsbury at that time who could be the Amy who marries John Stone except Amy Green. If we move with the assumption that David has died (or at least that David and Amy are no longer married), that may assist in explaining the absence in the 1830 census. Amy could be living in the household of another (she does not appear to be in her father’s household). The 1840 census shows a female of the right age in John Stone’s household. 8 But if that is her, where are Charles and Sophia? And if that is indeed her, why is she again known as Amy Galusha in the US and New York state censuses from 1850 on?

There is, of course, another possibility to explain the disappearance of David and Amy from the 1830 and 1840 censuses – they had left the country! Sophia died in Shaftsbury in 1864. The death record on Family Search 9 indicates that she was born in Canada. While hardly conclusive, might there be a grain of truth there, a suggestion that, regardless of whether she was born in Canada or Shaftsbury (her birth is not recorded in the Shaftsbury Vital Records, but then neither are numerous others who were certainly born there), she and her family may have lived for a time north of the border?

Some theories in Part 3.

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1. “Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-8999-2W5X?cc=1987653&wc=Q8ZY-CRX%3A324709901%2C1583517506%2C1583517509 : 24 June 2015), Bennington > Shaftsbury > Births, marriages, deaths 1765-1893 vol 1 > image 22 of 116; town clerk offices, Vermont.

2. “Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-8999-2W2P?cc=1987653&wc=Q8ZY-CRX%3A324709901%2C1583517506%2C1583517509 : 24 June 2015), Bennington > Shaftsbury > Births, marriages, deaths 1765-1893 vol 1 > image 45 of 116; town clerk offices, Vermont.

3. http://royandsharon.lifegrid.com/GALUSHA,%20David%20Jr%20(1795).htm

4. “Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G999-2WLH?cc=1987653&wc=Q8ZY-CRX%3A324709901%2C1583517506%2C1583517509 : 24 June 2015), Bennington > Shaftsbury > Births, marriages, deaths 1765-1893 vol 1 > image 27 of 116; town clerk offices, Vermont.

5. See http://royandsharon.lifegrid.com/GALUSHA,%20David%20(1794).htm for example which show only Amy after 1820, and neither in 1830 or 1840.

6. “Vermont, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L999-2W6M?cc=1987653&wc=Q8ZY-CRX%3A324709901%2C1583517506%2C1583517509 : 24 June 2015), Bennington > Shaftsbury > Births, marriages, deaths 1765-1893 vol 1 > image 65 of 116; town clerk offices, Vermont.

7. “Vermont Vital Records, 1760-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XFVX-MXH : 4 November 2017), John Stone and Amy Galusha, 03 Aug 1834, Marriage; State Capitol Building, Montpelier; FHL microfilm 27,555.

8. “United States Census, 1840,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHTK-FT8 : 18 August 2017), John Stone, Shaftsbury, Bennington, Vermont, United States; citing p. 304, NARA microfilm publication M704, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 539; FHL microfilm 27,438.

9. “Vermont Vital Records, 1760-1954,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XFVF-8VC : 6 November 2017), Sophia Harrington, 15 Nov 1864, Death; State Capitol Building, Montpelier; FHL microfilm 27,573.